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Creative Video

Log Recording Modes

Cinema P3 Camera has three Log Creative Presets for recording video encoded with a Log transfer function.
They are:

  • A-Log - 8-bit Rec.709 and P3 color space
  • B-Log - 10-bit Rec.709 color space
  • C-Log - 10-bit Rec.2020 color space
Log recording options are available in the Creative video mode of Cinema P3 camera. See the Creative Presets section of help for more details about enabling Creative video Mode.

Log Video

Log video stores data using a logarithmic function instead of the ‘gamma’ function used with standard video. Log video allows image brightness data to be more evenly distributed over the dynamic range of the camera. It allocates more storage bits to detail in the shadow areas compared to highlights. It does not increase dynamic range of the camera.

The following advantages and disadvantages should be considered before selecting Log video presets.

Advantages:
  • Increased detail and color in shadows.
  • Reduced noise in shadows (caused by video compression).
  • Easier to color grade.
Disadvantages:
  • LUT Required to display video correctly.
  • Reduced information in highlights.

When viewing Log video in a standard video player, it will look strange. Some people call it a ‘flat’ look. This occurs because the player displays the brightness information using the ‘gamma’ function that it expects, instead of the ‘log’ function that the video was encoded with.

To restore the correct appearance, video captured with a log preset needs to be ‘corrected’ using a LUT (Look Up Table) to restore the video to a standard transfer function such as Rec.709 or Rec.2020 HLG.

Cinema P3 Camera provides a number of LUTs to convert Log encoded video to a variety of other color space. See Export Cinema P3 LUT in help for more details.

A-Log

A-Log is available in the creative presets menu for 8-bit video formats that use the BT.709 or P3 color spaces.

A-Log is an SDR (Standard Dynamic Range) log profile.

Cinema P3 Provides a LUT to convert video recorded in A-Log to the BT.709 transfer function. It can be used for video recorded with both BT.709 or P3 color spaces.

B-Log

B-Log is available in the creative presets menu for 10-bit video formats that use the BT.709 color space.

B-Log is an SDR (Standard Dynamic Range) log profile.

B-Log is a useful recording option for users working in a BT.709 SDR color space, who are happy to compromise wide color information in order to fit in with existing workflows. 10-bit B-Log stores 4x more data compared to 8-bit A-Log making it a better option for color grading in post production.

Cinema P3 Provides a LUT to convert video recorded in B-Log to the BT.709 color space with a BT.709 transfer function.

B-Log is only available on devices capable of recording with 10-bit HLG video such as the iPhone 12.

C-Log

C-Log is available in the creative presets menu for 10-bit video formats that use the BT.2020 HLG color space.

C-Log is an HDR (High Dynamic Range) log profile.

C-Log stores 200% more shadow detail compared to the standard HLG 2020 video format. It produces video with noticeably reduces video compression noise in shadows.

C-Log is the best recording option for users who wish to retain the maximum color and dynamic range information in the captured video. LUTs provided by Cinema P3 Camera enable full flexibility to convert video to HDR or SDR during post processing.

Cinema P3 Provides LUTs to convert video recorded in C-Log to the following color spaces:
  • C-Log to BT.709 color space with BT.709 transfer function (SDR)
  • C-Log to BT.2020 color space with BT.2100 PQ transfer function (HDR)
  • C-Log to BT.2010 color space with BT.2100 HLG transfer function (HDR)
C-Log is only available on devices capable of recording with 10-bit HLG video such as the iPhone 12.